A biography of tiberius claudius nero caesar the emperor of rome

See Article History Alternative Titles: Early life The son of Nero Claudius Drususa popular and successful Roman general, and the younger Antonia, he was the nephew of the emperor Tiberius and a grandson of Livia Drusillathe wife of the emperor Augustus. Ill health, unattractive appearance, clumsiness of manner, and coarseness of taste did not recommend him for a public life.

A biography of tiberius claudius nero caesar the emperor of rome

He had two older siblings, Germanicus and Livilla. His mother, Antonia, may have had two other children who died young. His maternal grandparents were Mark Antony and Octavia MinorAugustus ' sister, and he was therefore the great-great grandnephew of Gaius Julius Caesar.

During his reign, Claudius revived the rumor that his father Drusus was actually the illegitimate son of Augustus, to give the appearance that Augustus was Claudius' paternal grandfather.

Early life

In 9 BC, his father Drusus unexpectedly died on campaign in Germania, possibly from illness. Claudius was then left to be raised by his mother, who never remarried. When Claudius' disability became evident, the relationship with his family turned sour.

Antonia referred to him as a monster, and used him as a standard for stupidity. She seems to have passed her son off to his grandmother Livia for a number of years.

Years in the shadow of Augustus

He was put under the care of a "former mule-driver" [4] to keep him disciplined, under the logic that his condition was due to laziness and a lack of will-power. However, by the time he reached his teenage years his symptoms apparently waned and his family took some notice of his scholarly interests.

He spent a lot of his time with the latter and the philosopher Athenodorus. Augustus, according to a letter, was surprised at the clarity of Claudius' oratory. Public life[ edit ] His work as a budding historian damaged his prospects for advancement in public life.

According to Vincent Scramuzza and others, Claudius began work on a history of the Civil Wars that was either too truthful or too critical of Octavian [6] —then reigning as Augustus Caesar. In either case, it was far too early for such an account, and may have only served to remind Augustus that Claudius was Antony's descendant.

A biography of tiberius claudius nero caesar the emperor of rome

His mother and grandmother quickly put a stop to it, and this may have convinced them that Claudius was not fit for public office.

He could not be trusted to toe the existing party line. But the damage was done, and his family pushed him into the background. When the Arch of Pavia was erected to honor the Imperial clan in 8 BC, Claudius' name now Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus after his elevation to paterfamilias of Claudii Nerones on the adoption of his brother was inscribed on the edge—past the deceased princes, Gaius and Luciusand Germanicus' children.

There is some speculation that the inscription was added by Claudius himself decades later, and that he originally did not appear at all. Tiberius, the new Emperor, responded by granting Claudius consular ornaments.

Claudius requested office once more and was snubbed. Since the new Emperor was no more generous than the old, Claudius gave up hope of public office and retired to a scholarly, private life.This book traces the life of Tiberius from his birth in Rome in 42 BC during the death throes of the Republic, through his military career and reign as Emperor, to his death in 37 AD.

Background. Tiberius was born in Rome on 16 November 42 BC to Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia. In 39 BC his mother divorced his biological father and remarried Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus shortly thereafter, while still pregnant with Tiberius Nero's son.

In 38 BC his brother, Nero Claudius Drusus, was born. Little is recorded of Tiberius's early life. Introduction The reign of Tiberius (b. 42 B.C., d. A.D. 37, emperor A.D. ) is a particularly important one for the Principate, since it was the first occasion when the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by somebody else.

In contrast to the approachable and tactful Augustus, Tiberius emerges from the sources as an enigmatic and darkly complex figure, intelligent and cunning. Watch video · Nero presented himself to the Senate to deliver a eulogy in Claudius’s honor and was named Emperor of Rome.

He took the name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, and ascended to the throne. Name at birth: Tiberius Claudius Nero Tiberius was the second emperor of ancient Rome, succeeding the powerful Caesar Augustus.

Tiberius’s mother Livia divorced her own husband to marry Augustus, and the emperor adopted Tiberius (then aged 46) in 4 A.D. Tiberius, in full Tiberius Caesar Augustus or Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus, original name Tiberius Claudius Nero, (born November 16, 42 bce —died March 16, 37 ce, Capreae [Capri], near Naples), second Roman emperor (14–37 ce), the adopted son of Augustus, whose imperial institutions and imperial boundaries he sought to iridis-photo-restoration.com his last years he became a tyrannical recluse.

BBC - History - Historic Figures: Tiberius (42 BC - 37 AD)