Their father was Mars, the god of war. They were set adrift in the Tiber River. Instead of drowning as was planned, they floated to the future site of the city of Rome.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Italia, Italian Republic, Repubblica Italiana Italy, country of south-central Europeoccupying a peninsula that juts deep into the Mediterranean Sea. Italy comprises some of the most varied and scenic landscapes on Earth and is often described as a country shaped like a boot.
The western Alps overlook a landscape of Alpine lakes and glacier-carved valleys that stretch down to the Po River and the Piedmont. From the central Alps, running down the length of the country, radiates the tall Apennine Rangewhich widens near Rome to cover nearly the entire width of the Italian peninsula.
South of Rome the Apennines narrow and are flanked by two wide coastal plains, one facing the Tyrrhenian Sea and the other the Adriatic Sea. Much of the lower Apennine chain is near-wilderness, hosting a wide range of species rarely seen elsewhere in western Europe, such as wild boars, wolves, asps, and bears.
The southern Apennines are also tectonically unstable, with several active volcanoes, including Vesuviuswhich from time to time belches ash and steam into the air above Naples and its island-strewn bay. At the bottom of the country, in the Mediterranean Sealie the islands of Sicily and Sardinia.
Visitors today remark on how unlike one town is from the next, on the marked differences in cuisine and dialectand on the many subtle divergences that make Italy seem less a single nation than a collection of culturally related points in an uncommonly pleasing setting.
Across a span of more than 3, years, Italian history has been marked by episodes of temporary unification and long separation, of intercommunal strife and failed empires.
Time-lapse video of Tuscany, Italy. The Etruscans were supplanted in the 3rd century bce by the Romanswho soon became the chief power in the Mediterranean world and whose empire stretched from India to Scotland by the 2nd century ce. That empire was rarely secure, not only because of the unwillingness of conquered peoples to stay conquered but also because of power struggles between competing Roman political factions, military leaders, families, ethnic groups, and religions.
The Roman Empire fell in the 5th century ce after a succession of barbarian invasions through which Huns, Lombards, Ostrogoths, and Franks—mostly previous subjects of Rome—seized portions of Italy. Rule devolved to the level of the city-state, although the Normans succeeded in establishing a modest empire in southern Italy and Sicily in the 11th century.
Many of those city-states flourished during the Renaissance era, a time marked by significant intellectualartistic, and technological advances but also by savage warfare between states loyal to the pope and those loyal to the Holy Roman Empire. Italian unification came in the 19th century, when a liberal revolution installed Victor Emmanuel II as king.
From the end of World War II to the early s, Italy had a multiparty system dominated by two large parties: In the early s the Italian party system underwent a radical transformation, and the political centre collapsed, leaving a right-left polarization of the party spectrum that threw the north-south divide into sharper contrast and gave rise to such political leaders as media magnate Silvio Berlusconi.
The whole country is relatively prosperous, certainly as compared with the early years of the 20th century, when the economy was predominantly agricultural. Much of that prosperity has to do with tourism, for in good years nearly as many visitors as citizens can be found in the country.
Each of those cities, and countless smaller cities and towns, has retained its differences against the leveling effect of the mass media and standardized education.
Thus, many Italians, particularly older ones, are inclined to think of themselves as belonging to families, then neighbourhoods, then towns or cities, then regions, and then, last, as members of a nation.Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food.
The interaction of culture and geography is called human geography, which is the study of people's language, religion, medicine. Culture & Society. Share | or ‘the emerald isle’ referring to the green landscape. To find out more about Irish music, culture, arts and heritage go to: Culture Ireland Popular culture in Ireland is very similar to many other Western countries in terms of TV, cinema and popular music and literature.
For a long period after World War II, Florence was Italy’s fashion capital, holding an annual show at the Pitti Palace. In the s, however, Milan began to dominate the fashion sector.
Commercial and cultural interests blend in the city’s offerings of festivals of music, opera, and the visual arts.
Italian Society & Culture Italian Family Values. The family is the centre of the social structure and provides a stabilizing influence for its members.
The primary religion in Italy is Roman Catholic. There are more Catholic churches per capita in Italy than in any other country. Italian Society & Culture Italian Family Values. The family is the centre of the social structure and provides a stabilizing influence for its members.
The primary religion in Italy is Roman Catholic. There are more Catholic churches per capita in Italy than in any other country.
Italian Fashion Looking good is also a key aspect of Italian culture, especially in the more affluent levels of society. Milan is the fashion capital of Italy, reigning with Paris and New York as the top three fashion centers of the western world.