The exploitation of natural environment philosophy essay

Many of the early writers hoped that a new environmental ethics would emerge, embodying a set of principles that could help us deal with our relation to animals and the natural world in a way that traditional ethical theories seemed to have overlooked. One of the early contributors to this project was Aldo Leopold, who was not a philosopher but a professor of forestry and land management. Leopold carried forward a discussion by nineteenth century conservationists about whether nature should be preserved only because of its economic and practical benefits for humans or because it provides value beyond merely supplying natural resources.

The exploitation of natural environment philosophy essay

The term 'environmentalism' refers to political and ethical movement that seeks to improve and protect the quality of the natural environment through changes to environmentally harmful human activities; through the adoption of forms of political, economic, and social organization that are thought to be necessary for, or at least conducive to, the benign treatment of the environment by humans; and through a reassessment of humanity's relationship with nature.

In various ways, environmentalism claims that living things other than humans, and the natural environment as a whole, deserve consideration in reasoning about the morality of political, economic, and social policies.

In other words, environmentalism is a concern for the planet as a whole.

The exploitation of natural environment philosophy essay

Environmentalism is a broad philosophy and social movement regarding concerns for environmental conservation and improvement of the state of the environment. It can also be defined as a social movement that seeks to influence the political process by lobbying, activism, and education in order to protect natural resources and ecosystems.

First Challenge: Overcoming Anthropocentrism

In recognition of humanity as a participant in ecosystems, environmentalism and the environmental movement is centered on ecology, health, and human rights and is often represented by the colour green. Environmentalists and environmental organizations seek to give the natural world a stronger voice in human affairs in various ways such as grass-roots activism and protests.

They speak out about our natural environment and the sustainable management of its resources through changes in public policy or individual behavior by supporting practices such as not being wasteful. A concern for environmental protection is not new and has recurred in diverse forms, in different parts of the world, throughout history.

In the Middle East, the earliest known writings concerned with environmental pollution were Arabic medical treatises written during the Arab Agricultural Revolution.

They were concerned with air contamination, water contamination, soil contamination, solid waste mishandling, and environmental assessments of certain localities. In Europe too, King Edward of England banned the burning of sea-coal by proclamation in London inafter its smoke had become a problem.

The fuel was so common in England that this earliest of names for it was acquired because it could be carted away from some shores by the wheelbarrow. The modern environmental movement as it is generally understood today owes its origin to the Industrial Revolution in Europe.

It grew out of the amenity movement, which was a reaction to industrialization, the growth of cities, and worsening air and water pollution.

The first large-scale, modern environmental laws came in the form of the British Alkali Acts, passed into regulate the deleterious air pollution gaseous hydrochloric acid given off by the Leblanc process, used to produce soda ash.

In Victorian Britain, an early 'Back-to-Nature' movement that anticipated modern environmentalism was advocated by intellectuals such as John Ruskin, William Morris and Edward Carpenter.

These intellectuals were all against consumerism, pollution and other activities that were harmful to the natural world. Their ideas also inspired various proto-environmental groups in the UK, such as the Commons Preservation Society, the Kyrle Society, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the Garden city movement, as well as encouraging the Socialist League and The Clarion movement to advocate measures of nature conservation.

In the United States, the beginnings of an environmental movement can be traced as far back asthough it was not called environmentalism and was still considered conservation until the s. The US movement expanded in the s, out of concerns for protecting the natural resources of the West, with individuals such as John Muir and Henry David Thoreau making key philosophical contributions.

Thoreau's book Walden argues that people should become intimately close with nature. Muir came to believe in nature's inherent right and successfully lobbied congress to form Yosemite National Park and went on to set up the Sierra Club.

The conservationist principles as well as the belief in an inherent right of nature became the bedrock of modern environmentalism. In the 20th century, environmental ideas grew in popularity and recognition. Efforts were made to save some wildlife, particularly the American Bison.

It explained Leopold's belief that humankind should have moral respect for the environment and that it is unethical to harm it.Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames.

Oryx and Crake Essay – Free Papers and Essays Examples

Environment Essay 1 ( words) An environment is the natural surroundings which help life to grow, nourish and destroy on this planet called earth. If natural objects and systems have intrinsic value independent of their possible use for humans, as many environmental philosophers have argued, then a policy approach to sustainability needs to consider the environment and natural things not only in instrumental and but also in intrinsic terms to do justice to the moral standing that many people believe such items possess.

Environment simply means the surroundings comprising the living (biotic) and the nonliving (a biotic), and the study of interactions between these two is the science of Ecology. Study of ecology is essential because, in the words of futurologist Sir Aldoux Huxley “It is only by means of the sciences of life (Ecology at that time was a branch of science of life) that the quality of life can be radically changed”.

Environmentalism is a broad philosophy and social movement regarding concerns for environmental conservation and improvement of the state of the environment. It can also be defined as a social movement that seeks to influence the political process by lobbying, activism, and education in order to protect natural resources and ecosystems.

Environmental ethics is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship of human beings to, and also the value and moral status of, the environment .

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