Lattimore Greek epic C8th B. Shewring Greek epic C8th B. For nine nights did wise Zeus lie with her, entering her holy bed remote from the immortals.
Etymology[ edit ] The word "Muses" Ancient Greek: Beekes rejects both etymologies and suggests a Pre-Greek origin. Some ancient authorities thought that the Nine Muses were of Thracian origin. Writers similarly disagree also concerning the number of the Muses; for some say that there are three, and others that there are nine, but the number nine has prevailed since it rests upon the authority of the most distinguished men, such as Homer and Hesiod and others like them.
According to Hesiod's account c. It was not until Hellenistic times that the following systematic set of functions was assigned to them, and even then there was some variation in both their names and their attributes: Calliope epic poetryClio historyEuterpe flutes and lyric poetryThalia comedy and pastoral poetryMelpomene tragedyTerpsichore danceErato love poetryPolyhymnia sacred poetryand Urania astronomy.
Aoide "song" or "tune"Melete "practice" or "occasion"and Mneme "memory". In Delphi three Muses were worshiped as well, but with other names: NeteMeseand Hypatewhich are assigned as the names of the three cords of the ancient musical instrument, the lyre.
For Alcman and Mimnermusthey were even more primordialspringing from the early deities Ouranos and Gaia.
Gaia is Mother Earthan early mother goddess who was worshipped at Delphi from prehistoric times, long before the site was rededicated to Apollo, possibly indicating a transfer to association with him after that time. Sometimes the Muses are referred to as water nymphsassociated with the springs of Helicon and with Pieris.
It was said that the winged horse Pegasus touched his hooves to the ground on Helicon, causing four sacred springs to burst forth, from which the Muses were born. They also gathered the pieces of the dead body of Orpheusson of Calliopeand buried them in Leivithra.
In a later myth, Thamyris challenged them to a singing contest. They won and punished Thamyris by blinding him and robbing him of his singing ability.
According to a myth from Ovid 's Metamorphoses—alluding to the connection of Pieria with the Muses— Pierusking of Macedonhad nine daughters he named after the nine Muses, believing that their skills were a great match to the Muses.
He thus challenged the Muses to a match, resulting in his daughters, the Pieridesbeing turned into chattering magpies for their presumption. Another, rarer genealogy is that they are daughters of Harmonia the daughter of Aphrodite and Areswhich contradicts the myth in which they were dancing at the wedding of Harmonia and Cadmus.
Cult[ edit ] The Muses had several temples and shrines in ancient Greece, their two main cult centres being Mount Helikon in Boiotia and Pieria in Makedonia. Here are the temple of the Mousai and Hippukrene and the cave of the Nymphai called the Leibethrides; and from this fact one might infer that those who consecrated Helikon to the Mousai were Thrakians, the same who dedicated Pieris and Leibethron and Pimpleia [in Pieria] to the same goddesses.
The Thrakians used to be called Pieres, but, now that they have disappeared, the Makedonians hold these places.
Polyhymniathe Muse of sacred poetrysacred hymn and eloquence as well as agriculture and pantomime.The Muses in Greek mythology are associated with various arts and sciences.
They have inspired many art forms, and many artists have sought their blessings.
This Buzzle article is a compilation of some very interesting facts about the Muses. The Muses (Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology. They were considered the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, lyric songs, and myths that were related orally for centuries in these ancient cultures.
The Muses were nine ancient Greek goddesses of music, poetry, dance and song. They had a number of temples and shrines in ancient Greece. Their two main cult centres were Mount Helicon in Boeotia and Pieria in Macedonia.
The Lessor Gods. Demeter; Persephone; Dionysus; Eros; Hebe; Eris; Helios; Thanatos; Pan; Nemesis; The Graces; The Muses; The Erinnyes; The Fates. Demeter Demeter is. ENCYCLOPEDIA Muse with box, Paestan red-figure lekanis C4th B.C., Musée du Louvre MUSAE (Mousai).
The Muses, according to the earliest writers, were the inspiring goddesses of song, and, according to later noticus, divinities presiding over the different . The famous muses of Greek mythology played an important part of ancient Greek culture.
The nine daughters of the King of Gods Zeus and the Titan goddess of memory Mnemosyne were the very embodiment of the arts and sciences, and were thought to be the reason certain artists and thinkers were more gifted than others.